Project Description

Nail Conditions and Calluses

Toe Nail Conditions

  • Onychocryptosis (Ingrown Nails)
  • Onychauxic (Thick Nails)
  • Fungal Nails
  • Involuted (nails that curl into the skin.)

What Really Causes Thick and Ugly Toenails?  Nail Fungus vs. Nail Dystrophy

There are two primary causes of thick toenails. The first is nail fungus and the second is a condition called nail dystrophy. Nail dystrophy is a thickening of the nails caused by repeated micro-trauma to the nail, for example from the nail hitting the top of the shoe over many years. The most common causes of thick, yellowed and ugly nails include:

  • Nail fungus
  • Trauma to the nail
  • Shoe pressure on the nail
  • Poor circulation
  • Some disease conditions (psoriatic arthritis is one illness that can cause nail changes)


Calluses are the skins response to excessive pressure and for on areas of the skin that overtime take on too much pressure. Corns generally occur at pressure points, typically the bottoms of feet and the sides of toes; left untreated they can become quite painful.

How do we reduce calluses and corns?

Gentle debriding using a painless skilled sterile scalpel technique removes calluses and painful corns. Then a thorough pressure analysis or biomechanical assessment is done in order to determine the cause of the corn such that a treatment plan can be implemented to stop the pressured thickened skin from returning.